During the past few decades, Free Trade Zones, or Foreign Trade Zone (collectively, FTZ) have become a growing phenomenon as well as an important element of world trade. Historically available in most countries around the world, FTZs are some of the most beneficial, yet underutilized regimes for realizing saving on duties, taxes, and other costs involved with global trade. What is more, FTZs are by no means a program used exclusively in one country, such as the United States. In fact, because most countries have FTZ programs, companies may use FTZs in various global locations to attain all or some of the primary FTZ benefits. In this article, we compare some of the advantages and disadvantages of FTZs located in Miami and Panama:
Miami FTZ Advantages
In Miami shippers transporting goods to other countries and from other countries will have adequate room to store shipments. Foreign trade zones are special regions that benefit International shippers. Foreign trade zones are areas not technically considered part of the United States nor are they considered any part of another nation which means that they have some perks for budget-conscious shippers.
Shippers who have goods entering into a foreign trade zone within the United States do not have to undergo a customs inspection upon entry. They only have to be inspected when they leave. Shippers do not have to supply a bond in order to keep their goods stored inside a foreign trade zone. Shippers also do not have to pay duties on the cargo unless that cargo is being distributed within the United States specifically for consumption.
Shippers can store foreign and domestic items within a foreign trade zone and neither shipment will be subject to tax unless they are domestic products intended for distribution within the United States.
Miami FTZ Disadvantages
Anyone who is selling items domestically is not going to benefit from what a foreign trade zone has to offer. To that end, those who are working with domestic sales in the United States are much better off utilizing a bonded warehouse.
Panama FTZ Advantages
Companies with products that require multiple stages of manufacturing and assembly will benefit heavily from these foreign trade zones. Goods can be manufactured within a foreign trade zone without companies having to pay duties on labor, overhead, or waste materials. Companies also avoid paying duties on the imported goods specifically and instead have the option to choose to pay duties on the final product or the imported goods, whichever of the two is cheaper.
Manufacturers can choose to pay tariffs on the goods when they enter the warehouse or when they leave the warehouse. They can pick whichever is cheapest. With a foreign trade zone companies are able to store their goods for an unlimited amount of time and can quite literally take almost an unlimited number of actions with their goods such as exhibiting them, assembling them, labeling them, repackaging them, and anything else.
Panama FTZ Disadvantages
In Panama, shippers might face disadvantages associated with a foreign trade zone if they are trying to work with domestic products alone.
How the FTZ affects shippers
Foreign trade zones will affect shippers because they will have to be cognizant of the changes related to payment of duty, state and local inventory tax, the manufacturing of goods, classifications, appraisals, and limits for domestic goods. Shippers should do their due diligence when planning routes and conducting other business operations so that they can take full advantage of any benefits that may be available.